Neck problems are a common source or trigger of headaches and migraines. These neck problems may be related to wear and tear, poor posture, and bad ergonomic habits in the work place or home. The pain typically refers from the upper 3 segments in the spine, which can be reproduced with certain movements of the neck or with pressure applied to certain spots on the neck. It is common to have reduced range of motion of the neck.
Once the cause of the headache symptoms are identified as cervicogenic, the next step is treatment. This consists of modifications made to daily postures, tasks, and positioning. Manual therapy is used to desensitise the affected segments of the neck and relieve symptoms. Finally, an individualised exercise program and instruction concerning self-management helps with the prevention of reoccurrence.